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What Do Green Tree Pythons Eat? | VenomousSnake

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What do Green Tree Pythons eat? Prepare to embark on a captivating journey into the vibrant world of these enchanting serpents and discover the tantalizing secrets of their dietary preferences. These remarkable creatures, adorned in brilliant hues of emerald and jade, reside amidst the lush canopies of tropical rainforests, where their diet plays a vital role in their survival.

With their captivating beauty and intriguing feeding habits, the Green Tree Python has captured the hearts and minds of nature enthusiasts and herpetologists alike. Join us as we unravel the culinary choices that make these serpents thrive and marvel at the wonders of their unique appetite.

What Do Green Tree Pythons Eat?

What Do Green Tree Pythons Eat?

When it comes to their diet, Green Tree Pythons are opportunistic predators. They possess a versatile palate and have been known to consume a wide variety of prey. Their meal choices primarily depend on their size, age, and the availability of suitable prey in their habitat.

As hatchlings, these little marvels start their culinary journey by dining on small vertebrates such as frogs, lizards, and geckos. With their remarkable climbing abilities, they can skillfully navigate the treetops and snatch these nimble creatures from their hiding places. It’s truly a display of their hunting prowess!

Green Tree Pythons have a secret weapon that helps them capture birds—a unique prehensile tail. This tail acts as a fifth limb, providing stability and support while they wait for their prey. With a firm grip on the branch, they can strike with lightning speed, displaying their remarkable agility.

While birds form a substantial part of their diet, these arboreal predators are not limited to avian fare. They also have a taste for small mammals such as rodents and bats, which inhabit the same rainforest ecosystem. Green Tree Pythons can skillfully locate their mammalian meals using their incredible heat-sensing ability, which helps them detect the warmth emitted by their prey.

Once a meal has been captured, the Green Tree Python engages in an incredible feat of swallowing. Their highly flexible jaws can expand to an astonishing extent, allowing them to engulf prey items much larger than their own head. With slow and methodical movements, they gradually consume their meal, taking several hours or even days to complete the process. It’s a mesmerizing spectacle to witness!

While Green Tree Pythons primarily rely on live prey, some individuals in captivity can be trained to accept thawed or pre-killed prey. This practice helps ensure the safety of both the snake and its handler during feeding sessions.

It’s important to note that the nutritional needs of Green Tree Pythons should be met with care and consideration. A well-balanced diet, encompassing the appropriate variety of prey, is vital for their overall health and well-being. For those who have the privilege of caring for these captivating creatures, providing a diet that mirrors their natural feeding habits is a responsibility to be taken seriously.

Feasting Habits of the Green Tree Python

Hatchlings and Juveniles:

  • Newborn mice
  • Pinky rats
  • Small birds


  • Fuzzy rats
  • Hopper mice
  • Small birds


  • Adult mice
  • Weaned rats
  • Small rats
  • Small rabbits (for larger adults)
  • Small birds

It’s important to select prey items that are appropriately sized for the snake’s girth. Feeding live prey should be supervised to ensure the snake consumes the prey item fully and to prevent injuries. Pre-killed or frozen-thawed prey can be offered as an alternative.

Keep in mind that the feeding frequency will vary based on the snake’s age and size. Hatchlings may require feeding every 5-7 days, while juveniles can be fed every 7-10 days. Adult green pythons typically eat every 10-14 days, but the exact frequency may vary for each individual.

Ontogeny is not even isolated from green tree pythons. THE Biological Journal of the Linnean Society notes that many studies have found cases where juveniles of a species often differ in prey selection. In snakes, prey selection often depends on the size of the animal.

Do green tree pythons eat fish?

Green tree pythons are arboreal. Many pythons are capable of swimming and some will dive into water while waiting to do so ambush prey. This behavior has not been seen in wild or captive green tree pythons. Nor was hunting or fish eating observed.

It appears that green tree pythons do not eat fish. Or any aquatic species. There are several species of snakes that hunt fish, including sea snakes, garter snakes, and water snakes. Overall, however, many snake species, including the green python, are unable to digest fish properly. Captive green tree pythons should not be offered or fed fish.

How do green tree pythons hunt?

How do green tree pythons hunt

Second Foraging ecology and diet of an ambush predator: the green tree python, the green python is an obligate ambush predator. This means that it will only attack highly active prey.

A green tree python is non-venomous and subdues its prey with constriction. It will use deception to lure the prey animal close. The green tree python has an unusually long and thin tail compared to other snakes. The tip of this tail will also be lighter or darker in color than the rest of the snake. A green tree python will use its tail as a decoy. What it will do is wag its tail to mimic the undulations of a worm.

Unsuspecting prey will be attracted to this movement. Once it’s close enough, the snake strikes. It will attach itself and wrap itself around its prey. Death often occurs within minutes.

Although green tree pythons are largely arboreal, the snakes are known to hunt semi-Terrestrial even using his heat sensitive pits and keen eyesight. In this case, a snake will wrap itself around the base of a tree and face downwards. It will then wait for a suitable prey animal to get too close.

Green tree python teeth

Green tree pythons average 100 sharp and curved teeth. Because these teeth are used to grip prey, they are solid and curve towards the back of the throat. These teeth are found in multiple rows along the upper and lower jaw.

How do green tree pythons eat?

Green tree pythons feed by swallowing their prey whole. Once the prey is dead, the snake will seek out its victim’s head. It will then stretch its jaws and start swallowing its prey.

Their jaws are connected by extremely flexible ligaments. These ligaments stretch and allow a snake to swallow prey items larger than its head. A snake can also move its left and right mandibles independently on its upper jaw. It will bob its head from side to side as it uses its teeth to pull the prey into its mouth, inch by inch. This action is dubbed “walking”.

A green tree python will gobble its food by dropping the prey down its throat. Once the prey is deep enough, the throat will use muscle contractions to move the food into the stomach. Watch a snake eating up close and you will see their jaws move to match this movement.

Digestion and Nutritional Requirements


Green pythons have a unique digestive system adapted for consuming and processing whole prey. After capturing their prey, they use constriction to suffocate it. Once subdued, the snake swallows the prey whole. The prey item then travels down the snake’s esophagus into the stomach. Unlike mammals, snakes have stretchable jaws and an elastic stomach lining, allowing them to consume prey larger than their own head or body.

The digestive process in green pythons is quite efficient. Once in the stomach, the prey is broken down by powerful stomach acids and digestive enzymes. These substances help dissolve and break apart the prey’s tissues, allowing for the extraction of essential nutrients. The nutrients are then absorbed through the walls of the snake’s intestine and transported throughout the body via the bloodstream.

Digestion in snakes is a slow process. After a large meal, it can take several days or even weeks for the snake to fully digest and absorb the nutrients from the prey. During digestion, the snake’s metabolism increases, and its body temperature rises slightly to facilitate the breakdown of the prey.

Nutritional Requirements

  • Protein: Snakes are carnivores and require a diet rich in high-quality protein. Proteins are essential for growth, tissue repair, and overall body maintenance.
  • Vitamins and Minerals: Green pythons require a balanced intake of vitamins and minerals. These micronutrients play vital roles in various physiological processes, including bone health, immune function, and metabolism.
  • Water: Adequate hydration is essential for proper digestion and overall health. Green pythons should have access to clean, fresh water at all times.


What do green tree pythons eat in the wild?

In the wild, green tree pythons primarily feed on small mammals, such as rodents (mice, rats) and birds. They are known to be perched hunters, patiently waiting for their prey to come within striking range.

Can green tree pythons eat frozen-thawed prey?

Yes, green tree pythons can be successfully transitioned to eating frozen-thawed prey. It is a convenient and safer alternative to live prey, as it reduces the risk of injury to both the snake and the prey item. Some individuals may readily accept frozen-thawed prey, while others may require some time and effort to make the switch.

How often should I feed my green tree python?

The feeding frequency for green tree pythons depends on their age and size. Hatchlings and juveniles may require feeding every 5-7 days, while adults can be fed every 10-14 days. Monitoring the snake’s body condition and adjusting the feeding schedule accordingly is important to prevent overfeeding or underfeeding.


In conclusion, the dietary habits of Green Tree Pythons are truly fascinating and awe-inspiring. These magnificent reptiles exhibit a specialized and selective taste when it comes to their meals, primarily feasting on a variety of small vertebrates. From agile tree-dwelling lizards to delicate and unsuspecting birds, the Green Tree Python’s menu is nothing short of captivating.

To delve deeper into the captivating world of Green Tree Python’s eating habits, I invite you to read more on the Venomous blog. There, you will find a wealth of information and intriguing stories that shed light on the secrets of these enigmatic creatures. Expand your knowledge and discover the mesmerizing world of these exceptional reptiles, as they gracefully navigate their intricate web of life.