Illinois Snakes: A Guide to Identifying Local Species
Illinois is home to a variety of snakes, some of which are venomous and others that are harmless. It is important to be able to identify the different species of snakes in order to avoid potential danger. This guide will provide images and descriptions of the various types of snakes found in Illinois, so you can easily identify them.
Common Snakes Found in Illinois
The most common snakes found in Illinois are the Eastern Garter Snake, Eastern Fox Snake, Northern Water Snake, and Eastern Milk Snake. The Eastern Garter Snake is a small snake with a black or brown body and three yellow stripes running down its back. It can grow up to two feet long and is non-venomous. The Eastern Fox Snake is a large snake with a yellowish-brown body and dark brown blotches along its back. It can grow up to five feet long and is also non-venomous. The Northern Water Snake has a dark gray or brown body with light colored spots along its back. It can grow up to four feet long and is non-venomous. The Eastern Milk Snake has a reddish-brown body with black bands running down its back. It can grow up to three feet long and is also non-venomous.
Venomous Snakes Found in Illinois
There are two species of venomous snakes found in Illinois: the Timber Rattlesnake and the Copperhead. The Timber Rattlesnake has a gray or tan body with dark brown or black crossbands along its back, as well as a rattle at the end of its tail that it uses as a warning signal when threatened. It can grow up to five feet long and has venom that can cause serious injury if not treated quickly enough. The Copperhead has an orange or reddish-brown body with darker crossbands along its back, as well as copper colored head scales that give it its name. It can grow up to three feet long and also has venom that can cause serious injury if not treated quickly enough.
Identifying Snakes by Their Behavior
In addition to identifying snakes by their physical characteristics, you should also be aware of their behavior when trying to identify them in the wild. Non-venomous snakes will usually try to escape when they feel threatened while venomous snakes will usually stand their ground or even strike out at potential threats if they feel cornered or threatened enough. If you encounter any type of snake in the wild, it’s best not to approach it but instead observe from a safe distance until you’re sure what type it is before taking any further action.
Knowing how to identify different types of snakes found in Illinois is important for your safety as well as for understanding more about these fascinating creatures that call our state home. With this guide, you should now have all the information you need about identifying local species by their physical characteristics as well as their behavior so you can stay safe while enjoying nature’s beauty!