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How to Keep Snakes Out of Chicken Coop? Explore Our 9 Tips!

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How to Keep Snakes Out of Chicken Coop? Snakes are a common concern for chicken keepers as they pose a threat to the well-being of the flock. Not only can they scare or harm the chickens, but they may also consume eggs or even prey on the birds themselves. To maintain a safe and secure environment for your chickens, it’s essential to take proactive measures to keep snakes out of the chicken coop. In this article, we’ll explore effective strategies to prevent snake entry, minimize attractants, and create a snake-resistant chicken coop.

How to Keep Snakes Out of Chicken Coop

Understanding the Snake Threat

Before we delve into the preventive measures, it’s important to understand the snake species that commonly pose a threat to chickens. Depending on your geographical location, you may encounter various types of snakes such as rat snakes, racers, or even venomous species like rattlesnakes or copperheads. Snakes are attracted to chicken coops due to the presence of food sources, shelter, and warmth. They can enter through small openings or gaps, making it crucial to fortify the coop’s defenses.

How to Keep Snakes Out of Chicken Coop?

Preventing Snake Entry

The first line of defense against snakes is to secure the perimeter of the chicken coop. Install sturdy fencing or hardware cloth buried at least six inches into the ground to prevent snakes from burrowing underneath. Regularly inspect the coop for any openings or gaps and seal them off using materials like caulk or wire mesh. Reinforce doors and windows with tight-fitting screens or sweeps to eliminate potential entry points.

Minimizing Snake Attractants

To discourage snake activity, it’s important to remove any potential attractants in and around the chicken coop. Snakes are drawn to spilled feed, so keep the coop clean and promptly remove any spilled food. Additionally, regularly collect eggs to prevent snakes from being enticed by this food source. Managing rodent populations is also essential since snakes often prey on rodents. Implement effective rodent control methods, such as traps or safe bait stations, to reduce the presence of rodents near the coop.

Natural Deterrents

While there is no foolproof snake repellent, some natural deterrents may help reduce snake activity around the chicken coop. Mothballs, essential oils like clove or cinnamon, or even garlic cloves can create an environment that snakes find unpleasant. Place these deterrents strategically around the coop perimeter or in areas where snakes are likely to enter. Remember to use non-toxic substances and avoid direct contact with chickens to ensure their safety.

Predator Protection

Predator-proofing the chicken coop not only keeps out snakes but also safeguards against other potential threats. Use predator-proof locks and latches on doors and windows to prevent unauthorized access. Consider installing predator-proof flooring and nesting boxes to further enhance security. These measures will help minimize the risk of snakes and other predators infiltrating the coop and harming your chickens.

Snake-Proof Landscaping

Landscaping techniques can play a role in deterring snakes from approaching the chicken coop. Create a barrier around the coop using gravel or mulch, as snakes find it challenging to move across these surfaces. Keeping the grass and vegetation near the coop trimmed reduces hiding places for snakes and makes their presence more noticeable. By maintaining a snake-unfriendly environment around the coop, you can discourage their activity.

Regular Inspections

Regular inspections are crucial to identify any potential snake entry points and address them promptly. Develop a routine to check the coop, focusing on areas such as vents, gaps, or holes. Ensure the fencing remains intact and that there are no signs of snake activity. By conducting frequent inspections, you can catch any vulnerabilities early and prevent snakes from infiltrating the coop.

Educating Chicken Keepers

Educating yourself about snakes and their behavior is essential in maintaining a snake-free chicken coop. Read books or reputable online resources to learn about snake identification, behavior, and habits. Engage with local experts or join forums to gain insights from experienced chicken keepers. With knowledge, you’ll be better equipped to take preventive measures and handle any potential encounters with snakes.

Creating a Snake-Friendly Environment

Consider designating a snake-friendly area away from the chicken coop to promote a harmonious coexistence. Snakes play a vital role in controlling rodent populations, which indirectly benefits your chickens. By providing a safe habitat for snakes away from the coop, you can encourage them to stay in that area, reducing the likelihood of encountering them near the chickens. Remember to maintain a respectful distance and avoid direct interaction with snakes.

Dealing with a Snake Encounter

In the event of a snake encounter in the chicken coop, it’s important to remain calm and not panic. Most snakes are non-venomous and will generally retreat if given the opportunity. Remove any chickens from immediate danger and give the snake space to leave on its own. If you’re uncertain about the snake’s species or if it’s venomous, contact a professional snake removal service for assistance. Avoid attempting to handle or capture the snake unless you have the necessary knowledge and experience.

Read more: Do chickens eat snakes?

How to tell if a snake is eating chicken eggs?

If you suspect that a snake may be indulging in your chicken eggs, there are a few clues to look for, including evidence in the form of snake droppings. Snake poop, also known as scat, can provide valuable insights. Keep an eye out for cylindrical-shaped feces, usually dark brown or black in color, with a mushy or mushy consistency.

You might discover the remnants of crushed eggshells within the droppings, confirming the snake’s gastronomic escapades. Additionally, inspect the chicken coop for broken or empty eggshells scattered about. Snakes have a remarkable ability to devour eggs whole, leaving behind empty shells devoid of yolk or egg white.

Another indication of a sneaky snake’s presence could be unusual tracks or trails leading to and from the coop. These may include distinctive patterns in the dirt or dust, revealing the snake’s slithering path. Remember to promptly address any vulnerabilities in your coop’s structure, as snakes are adept climbers and can exploit even the tiniest gaps.

By being vigilant and taking necessary precautions, you can safeguard your chicken eggs and ensure a harmonious coexistence between your feathered friends and any curious serpents.


Why is there a snake in my chicken coop?

There could be several reasons why a snake has found its way into your chicken coop. It might be attracted to the presence of food, such as eggs or rodents, or seeking shelter. Additionally, gaps or openings in the coop can provide easy access for snakes. It’s essential to take preventive measures to secure your coop and eliminate any potential attractants to discourage snakes from entering.

Does lime keep snakes away?

Lime is not an effective method to keep snakes away. While it may have some repellent properties, its impact on deterring snakes is minimal. It’s best to focus on more reliable snake prevention techniques, such as sealing openings, removing potential food sources, and keeping your surroundings clean and clutter-free.

Do mothballs keep snakes away?

Mothballs are not a reliable or recommended method for keeping snakes away. While they have a strong odor that some people believe snakes dislike, their effectiveness in repelling snakes is questionable. It’s important to focus on more proven snake prevention strategies, such as sealing entry points and making the area less attractive to snakes by removing food sources and debris.


In conclusion, safeguarding your chicken coop from snakes is vital for the well-being of your flock. By employing effective preventive measures and following proper maintenance practices, you can minimize the risk of snake encounters. Remember to seal any openings, use wire mesh or hardware cloth, and maintain a clean and well-groomed coop area. If you’re seeking more comprehensive guidance on snake prevention, visit VenomousSnake Blog for valuable insights and expert advice. Together, we can ensure a secure and predator-free environment for your chickens.