From Soyunperro we wanted to expose the most common diseases/pathologies in dogs at general levels so that we have a point of reference if we observe that our dog may be sick.
Main pathologies in dogs
We would like to insist on the need to go to a veterinarian if our dog is unwell or we think he may be sick. Not all diseases are exposed here, only the most common at general and growing levels. But there are many others that could even have similar symptoms. We could talk about:
- Kennel cough: It is a contagious disease between dogs but not from dogs to humans. It is comparable to a cold or flu in a human. Normally you need anti-inflammatories to resolve. You can get more info here: Symptoms of Kennel Cough in a dog.
- Conjunctivitis: There are many types of conjunctivitis in dogs and they all have in common the need for veterinary treatment in order to be cured. It is a very common disease that presents at general levels redness of the eyes, inflammation and tearing. You can get in-depth information from: Types of conjunctivitis in dogs and treatment.
- Parasites: There are many types of parasites and it is normal for a dog to suffer from different species throughout its life, so prevention should be common. Some types of internal parasites are eliminated with a simple quarterly pill for prevention, but other parasites such as Giardia are more complex to eliminate. Regarding the external ones, it will be based on oral or topical products on the skin.
- diarrhea: Diarrhea can have several causes, which the dog may require antibiotics. They can also be of food origin, produced when the dog has some indigestion or we have given him something that has made him feel bad. On the other hand, internal parasites such as Giardia spp. They can also cause diarrhea, usually in puppies. You can get more information at: Remedies to stop diarrhea in a dog.
- vomiting: It is quite common and more in puppies that our pet vomits. This can be due to several causes: a foreign body, indigestion, we have given him something that has not been good for him… Additional tests will be needed to see what is happening in the digestive system. Treatment will depend on the cause.
- canine diabetes: As with humans, dogs also suffer from diabetes and it is a common disease. The main symptoms are usually excessive drinking and consequently urination, polyphagia (constant appetite), etc. It is not contagious and you can get complete information here: Symptoms and treatment of canine diabetes.
- Parvoviruses: It is a common disease in puppies, extremely contagious and lethal. There is a vaccine to prevent it, but sometimes it is insufficient. It is not spread from dogs to humans. You can get more information here: Main symptoms of canine parvovirus.
- Otitis: Depending on the cause and chronicity, they can be mild or more serious. Because they can come from different origins, they must be treated by a veterinarian. You can get detailed information from: Otitis in a dog.
- Cushing’s syndrome or hyperadrenocorticism: This pathology is caused by an abnormal increase in corticosteroids in the body. Producing topical symptoms such as alopecia, stunned abdomen, polydipsia and polyuria… It is not contagious but needs diagnosis and treatment.
- limps: very frequent in the veterinary clinic the consultation for dogs limping. Either because there has been a trauma (the most frequent) and they have fallen, they have exercised more than normal, they have had a blow… Normally with anti-inflammatories and gastric protector it usually resolves.
Booming pathologies within the canine world
Within what can be classified as less common pathologies, due to their limited extension in the canine world, there are some that are on the rise and are increasingly likely to appear. These (among many others) are:
- Pancreatitis: Due to the poor diet that some owners give their pets, our dog may present symptoms such as abdominal pain, lack of appetite, vomiting and/or diarrhea. It must be treated by a veterinarian as it is very painful and could die in a few days. It is not a contagious disease. You can get more detailed information here: Symptoms and treatment of Canine Pancreatitis.
- Hip or elbow dysplasia: Dysplasia is a disease caused by wear and tear or poor bone formation in the joints. It is usually hereditary but can develop after one year of age (although it does not rule out that you have not been suffering from it). It causes a lot of pain to dogs, so it must be treated by a veterinarian. You can get more information here: Symptoms and treatment of hip dysplasia in dogs.
- Canine leishmaniasis: It is a disease of parasitic origin that is spread through the bite of a mosquito. It can kill a dog if left untreated (for life in most cases). You can get all the information about this disease in: Symptoms and treatments of canine Leishmaniasis.
- allergies: they can be generated by the dog itself (immune system) or external, such as the arrival of pollen in spring, for example, food-related ones are also becoming more and more common. They are usually represented by diarrhoea, vomiting, dermatitis and/or nutritional problems. They are not contagious, you can get detailed information here: Guide to the most common allergies in dogs.
- IBD or Inflammatory Bowel Disease: It is an increasingly widespread and difficult to treat disease. Dogs that suffer from it can suffer from abdominal pain, diarrhea and/or vomiting, chronic weight loss… They can die in a short time if they are not treated properly. It is not a contagious disease. You can get more detailed information from: IBD in dogs.
- Epilepsy: Dogs can also suffer from epilepsy and although there are treatments (normally for life), seizures can appear at any time. There are many degrees within this disease that is not contagious: Symptoms and treatment of Epilepsy in dogs.
- Thyroid problems: If our dog is excessively fat or has a low metabolism (apart from many other symptoms), we should perform a thyroid blood test at a veterinary clinic. It is cheap, simple and can help detect a problem of hypothyroidism (more common) in dogs.
These pathologies are very varied among themselves, so there will be no test or treatment that can detect most of them. Each one requires a series of tests that the veterinarian will carry out depending on the economy and the diagnostic capacity of each one of them.